Violinist and Young Woman, ca. 1871

  • Edgar Degas, French, 1834-1917

Oil and crayon on canvas

  • Unframed: 18 1/4 × 22 inches (46.4 × 55.9 cm)
  • 26 1/8 × 30 1/4 × 4 1/4 inches (66.4 × 76.8 × 10.8 cm)

Bequest of Robert H. Tannahill

70.167

Music was a significant cultural component in nineteenth-century Parisian society. The informal clothes and the warm sunlight suggest that this is a rehearsal. The artist captures a moment when the musicians are interrupted and the woman turns as if searching for the source of the disturbance. The artist differentiates the sitters' characters very succinctly. The loosely drawn and frothily painted woman conveys the impression of surprise and slight apprehension, while the more solidly drawn man is oblivious, immersed in the tuning of his instrument.

Signed, lower left, with red stamp: Degas

the artist, Edgar Degas (Paris, France)

May 6, 1918, sold by (Galerie Georges Petit, Paris, France) auction Atelier E. Degas, 1st sale, lot 49

Jacques Seligmann (Paris, France)

January 27, 1921, sold by (American Art Association, New York, New York, USA) auction J. Seligmann, lot 25

1921-1936, purchased by Harris Whittemore [1864-1927] (Naugatuck, Connecticut, USA)

May 4, 1936, purchased by (Durand-Ruel Gallery, New York, New York, USA)

November 1, 1936, purchased by Robert H. Tannahill [1893-1969] (Grosse Pointe Farms, Michigan, USA)

1970-present, bequest to the Detroit Institute of Arts (Detroit, Michigan, USA)

Catalogue des Tableaux, Pastels et Dessigns par Edgar Degas et Provenant de Son Atelier. Sales cat., Galerie Georges Petit, Paris, May 5, 1918, p. 29, no. 49 (ill.). Field, H.E. "Edgar Degas, Painter." The Arts 1, no. 2 (January 1921) pp. 8-[ ] (ill.). Jamot, P. Degas. Paris, 1924, p. 138, pl. 24. [as ca. 1872.] Hausenstein, W. "Der Geist des Edgar Degas." Pantheon 7 (April 1931): pp. 161-166, p. 164. Degas. Exh. cat., Marie Harriman Gallery. New York, 1934, cat. 10. [lent by J.H. Whittemore Company of Naugatuck.] Morsell, M. "Marie Harriman Holds Loan Exhibit of Degas' Early Art." Art News 33, no. 7 (Nov. 17, 1934): p. 16. Lemoisne, P.A. Degas et son oeuvre. Paris, 1946-1949, vol. 2, p. 134, no. 274 (ill.). [as ca. 1870-1872]; vol. 4, p. 94. Boggs, J.S. Portraits by Degas. Berkeley, 1962, p. 33, pl. 75. The Robert Hudson Tannahill Bequest to the Detroit Institute of Arts. Exh. cat., Detroit Institute of Arts, Detroit 1970, pp. 9, 20, 27 (ill.). Detroit Institute of Arts Handbook. Detroit, 1971, p. 157. Reff, T. "Works by Degas in the Detroit Institute of Arts." Bulletin of the DIA 53, no. 1, 1974, pp. 2, 10, 32-33, cat. 8 (ill.). [ca. 1870-1872.] Robert Hudson Tannahill Memorial Exhibition. Exh. cat., Grosse Pointe War Memorial. Grosse Pointe, 1978, p. 23. Reff, T. "Degas: A Master among Masters." Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin 34, no. 4 (Spring 1977): pp. 2-48, pp. 16-17 (ill.). 100 Masterworks from the Detroit Institute of Arts. New York, 1985, pp. 118-119 (ill.). Kendall, Richard, ed. Degas by Himself. London, 1987, p. 128 (ill.). Martinez, B. and J. Block. Visual Forces: an Introduction to Design, Englewood Cliffs, 1988, p. 54 (ill.). Degas. Exh. cat., Grand Palais, National Gallery of Canada, and Metropolitan Museum of Art. Paris, Ottawa, and New York, 1988, pp. 178-179, cat. 110 (ill.). Degas Portraits. Exh. cat., Kunsthaus and Kunsthalle. Zürich and Tübingen, 1994, pp. 26, 283, 286, 343, cat. 111 (ill.). [as ca.1872.] Shackelford, G. "Degas Portraits." Apollo 142, no. 402 (August 1995): pp. 78-80 (fig. 4). Message 1995. Exh. cat., Toyota Municipal Museum of Art. Toyota, 1995, pp. 32, 198, cat. 1 (ill.). [as 1872]. Dumas, A., C. Ives, S. Stein, and G. Tinterow. The Private Collection of Edgar Degas. Exh. cat., Metropolitan Museum of Art. New York, 1997, p. 83 (fig. 93). [listed as Atelier Sale I: 49.] Degas to Matisse: Impressionist and Modern Masterpieces from The Detroit Institute of Arts. Exh. cat., the Phillips Collection. Washington, D.C., 2000, pp. 82, 139 (ill.). Treasures from the Detroit Institute of Arts: Masters of Impressionism and Modern Art. Exh. cat., Sogo Museum of Art, et al. Yokohama, 2001, pp. 32, 52, no. 4, (ill.) p. 53. Devonyar, Jill and Richard Kendall. Degas and Music. Exh. cat., The Hyde Collection. Glens Falls, 2009, pp. 60-61 (ill.). Manet/Degas. Exh. cat., Musée d'Orsay. Paris, 2023, p. 160 (ill., no. 118); p. 257.

Edgar Degas, Violinist and Young Woman, ca. 1871, oil and crayon on canvas. Detroit Institute of Arts, Bequest of Robert H. Tannahill, 70.167.