Please note: The DIA will close to the public at 4 p.m. on Saturday, Dec. 2, in preparation for Noel Night. We will reopen at 5 p.m. for the evening's events. Learn more

Mont Sainte-Victoire, between 1904 and 1906

  • Paul Cézanne, French, 1839-1906

Oil on canvas

  • Unframed: 21 7/8 × 18 1/8 inches (55.6 × 46 cm)
  • 28 3/4 inches × 25 3/16 inches × 3 inches (73 × 64 × 7.6 cm)

Bequest of Robert H. Tannahill


On View

  • Modern
  • Modern


European Modern Art to 1970

Cézanne often painted Mont Sainte­-Victoire, a massive limestone mountain located about ten miles from his home in the south of France. The artist suggested distance only by juxtaposing warm and cold colors. He further diminished the sense of spatial depth by depicting the image in patches of color of equal size and intensity. With all portions of the surface equally handled, there is no sense of the time of day or, for that matter, of time passing.

(Ambroise Vollard, Paris, France)

(Knoedler and Company, New York, New York, USA)

1933-1970, purchased by R.H. Tannahill (Detroit, Michigan, USA)

1970-present, bequest to the Detroit Institute of Arts (Detroit, Michigan, USA)

Paintings from the Ambroise Vollard Collection. Exh. cat., Knoedler and Co. New York, 1933, no. 14. [dated as 1899] Venturi, L. Cézanne, et son Oeuvre. Paris, 1936, vol. 1, p. 229; vol. 2 (pl. 52). [dated as 1897] Goldwater, R. "Cézanne in America." Art News 36, 26 (March 1938) (pl. 154). Barnes, A. and V. de Mazia. The Art of Cézanne. New York, 1939, pp. 264, 419, no. 166 (ill.). Cézanne Watercolors. Exh. cat., Knoedler Galleries. New York, 1963, pp. 50-51, no. 52. Brion-Guerry, H. Cézanne et l'Expression de l' Espace. Paris, 1966, pp. 160-162. Bulletin of the DIA: Annual Report 50, no.1 (1970): (cover ill.). The Robert Hudson Tannahill Bequest to the Detroit Institute of Arts. Exh. cat., Detroit Institute of Arts. Detroit, 1970, pp. 9, 27, 35 (ill.). Cummings, F. "Tannahill Tastes." Art News 69, 3 (May 1970): p. 81. Arts and Crafts in Detroit. Exh. cat., Detroit Institute of Arts. Detroit, 1976, no. 252. Shiff, R. "Seeing Cézanne." Critical Inquiry 4 (Summer 1978): pp. 769-808 (fig. 8). Cinco Siglos de Orbas Maestras. Exh. cat., Museo de Jade. San José, 1978, no. 34 (ill.). Rewald, J. Paul Cézanne, The Watercolors: A Catalogue Raisonné. Boston, 1983, p. 209, no. 499. Teboul, J. Les Victoires de Cézanne. Paris, 1988, p. 16, no. 6 (fig. 6). Sainte-Victoire Cézanne. Exh. cat., Musée Granet. Aix-en-Provence, 1990, p. 33 (fig. 3). Masterpieces from the Detroit Institute of Arts. Exh. cat., Bunkamura Museum of Art. Tokyo, 1989, pp. 93, 173, 220-221, no. 61 (ill.). Message 1995. Exh. cat., Municipal Museum of Art. Toyota, 1995, pp. 66, 204-205, no. 18 (ill.). Machotka, P. Cézanne: Landscape into Art. New Haven, 1996, p. 146 (fig. 140). Rewald, J. The Paintings of Paul Cézanne, A Catalogue Raisonné. New York, 1996, vol. 1, p. 550, no. 938; vol. 2, p. 328 (ill.). [dated 1904-1906] The Rise of the Art World in America, Knoedler at 150. Exh. cat., Knoedler Company. New York, 1996, p. 21. Degas to Matisse: Impressionist and Modern Masterpieces from The Detroit Institute of Arts. Exh. cat., The Phillips Collection. Washington, D.C., 2000, pp. 30-31, 138 (ill.). Treasures from the Detroit Institute of Arts: Masters of Impressionism and Modern Art. Exh. cat., Sogo Museum of Art. Yokohoma, 2001, pp. 33, 78, no. 19 (ill.). Keyes, G. S. "Reconsideration of Late Variants of Cézanne's Theme of Mont Sainte-Victoire." Bulletin of the DIA 77, 1-2: pp. 33-37 (fig. 1). Hokusai and Japonisme. Exh. cat., The National Museum of Western Art. Tokyo, 2017, p. 273, no. 220. Borchardt-Hume, Achim, Gloria Groom, Caitlin Haskell, and Natalia Sidlina, eds. Cezanne. Exh. cat., The Art Institute of Chicago and the Tate. New Haven and London, 2022, pp. 192-193, (ill. cat. no. 125).

Paul Cézanne, Mont Sainte-Victoire, between 1904 and 1906, oil on canvas. Detroit Institute of Arts, Bequest of Robert H. Tannahill, 70.161.