View of the Roman Forum

Giovanni Paolo Panini Italian, 1691-1765

On View

in

European: Grand Tour of Italy-Rome, Level 2, South Wing

  • About the Artwork

    Please note: This section is empty

  • Markings

    Please note: This section is empty

    This section contains information about signatures, inscriptions and/or markings an object may have.

  • Provenance

    Please note: This section is empty

    Provenance is a record of an object's ownership. We are continually researching and updating this information to show a more accurate record and to ensure that this object was ethically and legally obtained.

    For more information on provenance and its important function in the museum, please visit:

  • Exhibition History

    Please note: This section is empty

    The exhibition history of a number of objects in our collection only begins after their acquisition by the museum, and may reflect an incomplete record.

    We welcome your feedback for correction and/or improvement.

  • Published References

    Please note: This section is empty

    We regularly update our object record as new research and findings emerge, and we welcome your feedback for correction and/or improvement.

  • Catalogue Raisonné

    Please note: This section is empty

    A catalogue raisonné is an annotated listing of artworks created by an artist across different media.

  • Credit Line for Reproduction

    Please note: This section is empty

    The credit line includes information about the object, such as the artist, title, date, and medium. Also listed is its ownership, the manner in which it was acquired, and its accession number. This information must be cited alongside the object whenever it is shown or reproduced.

About the Artwork

In its heyday, the Roman Forum was the site of triumphal processions, gladitorial matches, and criminal trials. By the time Giovanni Paolo Panini painted it in the eighteenth century, the sprawling Forum comprised only scattered architectural fragments and ruined structures. Panini documented the scene with notable accuracy, making a few small adjustments to the positions of the monuments. A corner of the Arch of Septimius Severus appears at the extreme left. Just beyond are the columns of the Temple of Antoninus and Faustina backed by the medieval Torre delle Milizie. Not without humor, Panini has even recorded the contemporary use of the Forum as a cow pasture. Cattle at the center of the composition graze, sit, and calmly investigate their once-imposing historical surroundings.

View of the Roman Forum

1735

Giovanni Paolo Panini

1691-1765

Italian

Unknown

Oil on canvas

Unframed: 28 15/16 × 53 1/8 inches (73.5 × 135 cm) Framed: 38 1/8 × 24 7/16 × 4 3/8 inches (96.8 × 62 × 11.1 cm)

Paintings

European Painting

Founders Society Purchase with funds from Mr. and Mrs. Edgar B. Whitcomb

47.93

This work is in the public domain.

Markings

Signed and dated, on stone fragment at lower right: I. P. PANINI./ ROMAE 1735

------

Provenance

possibly Duke of Norfolk (Beech Hill, Sheffield, Yorkshire, England)

1947, (Arturo Grassi, New York, New York, USA)

1947-present, purchase by the Detroit Institute of Arts (Detroit, Michigan, USA)

For more information on provenance and its important function in the museum, please visit:

Provenance page

Exhibition History

Please note: This section is empty

The exhibition history of a number of objects in our collection only begins after their acquisition by the museum, and may reflect an incomplete record.

We welcome your feedback for correction and/or improvement.

Suggest Feedback

Published References

Pallas 20 (1947) p. 149

Richardson, E.P. "Two Rome Views by Panini." Bulletin of the DIA 27, no. 3 (1948): p. 55-58 (ill.).

Special Exhibition of Painting Notable for the State of Preservation-Condition Excellent. Exh. cat., Worcester Art Museum. Worcester, 1951, no. 19 (ill.).

Richardson, E.P. Catalogue of Paintings and Sculpture given by Edgar B. Whitcomb and Anna Scripps Whitcomb to the Detroit Institutes of Art. Detroit, 1954, p. 97 (ill.).

Wunder, R.P. "Two Roman Vedute by Panini in the Walters Art Gallery." Journal of the Walters Art Gallery 17 (1954): p. 13, no. 9.

Le Vie del Mondo 16, no. 4 (April 1954): p. 370.

Scherer, M. Marvels of Ancient Rome. New York, 1956, p. 115 (ill.).

Briganti, G. and N. Di Carpegna. Il Settecento a Roma. 1959, p. 164.

Treasures from the Detroit Institute of Arts. Detroit, 1960, p. 102.

Ruins of Rome. Exh. cat., University of Pennsylvania Art Museum. Philadelphia, 1961, no. 66 (ill.).

Arisi, F. Gian Paolo Panin. Piacenza, 1961, p. 147, cat. 98 (fig. 149).

Painting in Italy in the Eighteenth Century, Rococo to Romanticism. Exh. cat., Minneapolis Institute of Arts, et al. Minneapolis, 1970, no. 87b.

Fredericksen, B. and Zeri, F. Census of pre-19th century Italian paintings in North American Collections, Cambridge, MA, 1972, pp. 156, 580.

Arisi, F. Gian Paolo Panini e i fasti della Roma del ‘700. Rome, 1986, pp. 119-20, 302, 346, no. 229 (ill.), 374, 376, 407, 420, 428.

The Settecento, Italian Rococo and Early Neo-Classical Paintings 1700-1800. Exh. cat., Matthiesen Fine Art Ltd., London, 1987, p. 136.

Kiene, Michael. Panini. Exposition-dossier du département des Peintures, Musée du Louvre, no. 41. Paris, 1992, p. 140.

Arisi, F. "Giovanni Paolo Panini, 1691-1765." 1993, p. 49.

Cornforth, J. "Farnsborough Hall Warwickshire, II: A Property of the National Trust and the Home of Mr. and Mrs. Geoffrey Holbech." Country Life 190, no. 29 (1996): p. 51.

Wissman, F.W. European Vistas: Cultural Landscapes. Detroit, 2000, pp. 42-43, 46 (ill.).

Rishel, J. and E.P. Bowron. The Splendor of Rome: Art in Rome in the Eighteenth Century. Exh. cat., Philadelphia Museum of Art and Museum of Fine Arts. Philadelphia and Houston, 2000, pp. 419-421, cat. 267 (ill.).

Bissell, R.W., A. Derstine, and D. Miller. Masters of Italian Baroque Painting: The Detroit Institute of Arts. London, 2005, pp. 9, 10, 138-139, cat. no. 45.

Derstine, Andria. "The Detroit Institute of Arts and Italian Baroque Painting." In Buying Baroque: Italian Seventeenth-Century Paintings Come to America, ed. Edgar Peters Bowron. University Park, 2017, p. 97.

Kindly share your feedback or any additional information, as this record is still a work in progress and may need further refinement.

Suggest Feedback

Catalogue Raisoneé

Please note: This section is empty

Credit Line for Reproduction

Giovanni Paolo Panini, View of the Roman Forum, 1735, oil on canvas. Detroit Institute of Arts, Founders Society Purchase with funds from Mr. and Mrs. Edgar B. Whitcomb, 47.93.

View of the Roman Forum
View of the Roman Forum