Tobias and Three Archangels, 1471

  • Neri di Bicci, Italian, 1418-1492

Tempera, oil (?), gold and silver on wood panel

  • Unframed: 71 × 68 3/4 inches (180.3 × 174.6 cm)
  • Framed: 96 3/8 × 92 × 8 1/2 inches (244.8 × 233.7 × 21.6 cm)

City of Detroit Purchase

26.114

On View

  • European: Medieval and Renaissance W241

Department

European Painting

  • Religious art
  • Oil
  • Panel (wood)
  • Tempera
  • Gold
  • Silver
  • Figures (representations)
  • Painting (visual work)
  • Panel painting (painting by form)
  • Florence
  • Angels (spirits)
  • Crucifixion

Provenance

1471, Santo Spirito, Mariotto di Marco della Pala (Palla altarpiece) (Florence, Italy); Alexander Baker (London, England); June 6, 1874, sold by (Christie's, London, England) auction A. Barker, lot 47; Earl of Somers (Eastnor Castle, Herefordshire, England); by descent to Lady Henry Somerset (England); Henry-Charles Somers Somerset (The Priory, Reigate, England); 1926, (Trotti and Co., Paris, France); 1926-present, purchase by the Detroit Institute of Arts (Detroit, Michigan, USA)

Published References

Vasari, G. Le vite de piu eccellenti pittori scultori ed architettori, ed. Milanesi. Florence, 1878, vol. 2, pp. 80-81. Anonimo Magliabechiano, 1536/46, ed. Frey. Berlin, 1892, p. 92. Mesnil, J. "Botticelli, Les Pollaiuoli et Verrocchio. Part II." Rivista d'Arte 3 (1905): pp. 35-45. p. 39. Valentiner, W.R. "The Three Archangels of Neri di Bicci" Bulletin of the DIA 8, no. 2 (November 1926): pp. 14-16 (cover ill.). van Marle, R. The Development of the Italian Schools of Painting, vol. X. The Hague, 1928, p. 544. Gronau, G. "Die Erzengebild des Neri di Bicci aus der Kirche S. Santo: Kleine wissenschaftliche Beiträge." Mitteilungen des Kunsthistorischen Instituts in Florenz 3, no. 3 (1931): pp. 430-434, esp. p. 431, 433, no. 1 (fig. 3). Heil, W. Catalogue of Paintings in the Permanent Collection of the Detroit Institute of Arts. Detroit, 1930, cat. 158 (ill.). Valentiner, W.R. "Supplementary remarks on already published works..." Bulletin of the DIA 13, no. 4 (1931/1932): pp. 42-44, p. 42. Berenson, B. Italian Pictures of the Renaissance. Oxford, 1932, p. 386. [as The Three Archangels.] Berenson, B. Pitture Italiane del Rinascimento. Milan, 1936, p. 331. The More Important Paintings and Sculptures of the Detroit Institute of Arts. Detroit, 1937, p. 50, (ill.). Richardson, E.P., ed. Detroit Institute of Arts Catalogue of Paintings, 2nd ed. Detroit, 1944, p. 96, no. 158. Detroit Institute of Arts Masterpieces of Painting and Sculpture. Detroit, 1949, p. 52, (ill.). Paatz, W. and E. Die Kirchen von Florenz, vol. 5. Frankfurt am Main, 1953, pp. 152-53; pp. 199-200 (note 257). Berenson, B. Italian Pictures of the Renaissance. Florentine School. New York, 1963, vol. 1, p. 153. Paintings in the Detroit Institute of Arts: A Checklist of the Paintings Acquired Before June 1965. Detroit, 1965, p. 80. Myers, B.S. Encyclopedia of Painting. New York, 1970, p. 360, (ill.). Cummings, F. and C. Elam, eds. Detroit Institute of Arts Illustrated Handbook. Detroit, 1971, p. 81 (ill.) Fredericksen, B. and F. Zeri. Census of Pre-19th century Italian Paintings in North American Collections. Cambridge, MA, 1972, p. 147. [as "Raphael and Tobias with SS. Michael and Gabriel.] Os, H.W. van, and M. Prakken. Florentine Paintings in Holland 1300-1500. Maarsen, 1974, pp. 91, no. 4 (cited). Neri di Bicci. Le Ricordanze, ed. B. Santi. Pisa, 1976, pp. 372-73 and note, entry no. 698. [Tavola di Mariotto della Palla; Tuesday, 7 May 1471.] Santi, B. "Neri di Bicci, L'arcangelo Raffaele e Tobiolo coi santi Simone, Taddeo, Niccolò da Tolentino, Agostino da Ippona, Monica e Giacomo Maggiore." Da Biduino ad Algardi: Pittura e Scultura a Confronto, ed. G. Romano. Torino, 1990, pp. 54-61, pp. 57, 59, 60; (ill.). Thomas, A. The Painter's Practice In Renaissance Tuscany. Cambridge, UK, 1995, pp. 312-313 (fig. 93) pl. 15. de Jong-Janssen, C.E. Catalogue of the Italian Paintings in the Bonnefantenmuseum, trans. Michael Hoyle. Maastricht, 1995, pp. 103, 105, note 5. Pace, Valentino, Roberto Tollo, et al. San Nicola da Tolentino nell'arte, Corpus iconografico, vol. 1. Tolentino and Milan, 2005, pp. 244, 305. Kanter, Laurence, and John Marciari. Italian Paintings from the Richard L. Feigen Collection. Exh. cat., Yale University Art Gallery. New Haven, 2010, pp. 96-97 (fig. 3).

Rights Status

Neri di Bicci, Tobias and Three Archangels, 1471, tempera, oil (?), gold and silver on wood panel. Detroit Institute of Arts, City of Detroit Purchase, 26.114.