Left Pauldron (shoulder guard), ca. 1480

  • Lorenz Helmschmid, German, active 1467 - 1515/16

Steel, copper alloy, leather

  • Overall (Left Pauldron): 9 1/2 × 10 1/8 × 11 inches, 2.8 pounds (24.1 × 25.7 × 27.9 cm, 1.3 kg)

Gift of William Randolph Hearst Foundation


By 1869, Princes Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen, Schloss Sigmaringen (Tübingen, Baden-Württemberg, Germany)

1929, sold to (Arnold Seligmann, Rey & Co., Inc.) (New York, New York, USA)

1930, sold to William Randolph Hearst (Los Angeles, California, USA)

1951, bequeathed to the William Randolph Hearst Foundation (New York, New York, USA)

1953–present, gift to the Detroit Institute of Arts (Detroit, Michigan, USA) William Randolph Hearst Foundation (by 1951)

Detroit Institute of Arts, Gift of the William Randolph Hearst Foundation

Demmin, Auguste. Guide des amateurs d’armes et armures anciennes par ordre chronologique depuis les temps les plus reculés jusqu’a nos jours. Paris, 1869, p. 211 (ill.). Laking, Guy Francis. A Record of European Armour and Arms through Seven Centuries. London: G. Bell and sons, ltd., 1920, vol. II, pp. 215, 128, (ill.) 215, (fig. 247). Comstock, Helen. "The Connoisseur in America." Connoisseur 122, no. 516 (December 1948): 118–124, p. 118 (ill.). Robinson, Francis W. "A Gift of Arms and Armor from the Collection of William Randolph Hearst." Bulletin of the Detroit Institute of Arts 33, no. 1 (1953-54): 1–5, pp. 2, 4 (ill.). Gamber, Ortwin. "Der Turnierharnish zur Zeit König Maximilians I, und das Thunsche Skizzenbuch." Jahrbuch der Kunsthistorischen Sammlungen in Wien 53 (1957): 3–70, pp. 43, 46, figs. 51–53 (ill.). Levkoff, Mary L. Hearst, the Collector. Exh. cat., Los Angeles County Museum of Art. Los Angeles, 2008, pp. 159–160, cat. 20 (ill.) [entry by S. Pyrhh] Quérée, Jennifer. “The Invisible Knight: A Journey of Discovery.” Records of the Canterbury Museum 25 (2011), pp. 67–89; pp. 76–78, fig. 11 (ill.). Pyhrr, Stuart W. “‘I Would Prefer Gothic.’ William Randolph Hears as an Armor Collector.” The Spring 2014 Park Lane Arms Fair (2014): pp. 12-13, (ill.) p. 13. The Last Knight: The Art, Armor, and Ambition of Maximilian I. Exh. cat., The Metropolitan Museum of Art. New York, 2019, pp. 235-236, cat. 127, (ill.).

Lorenz Helmschmid, Left Pauldron (shoulder guard), ca. 1480, steel, copper alloy, leather. Detroit Institute of Arts, Gift of William Randolph Hearst Foundation, 53.193.5B.