Folio from a Ten-Volume Qur'an, ca. 1220

  • Islamic, Spanish

Ink, colors, gold and possibly silver on tinted paper

  • Framed: Sheet: 13 × 10 inches (33 × 25.4 cm)

Museum Purchase, Ernest and Rosemarie Kanzler Foundation Fund

2007.120.1A

Department

Islamic Art

  • Islam
  • Hispano-moresque
  • Ink
  • Gold
  • Silver
  • Religious texts
  • Folio (leaf)
  • Paper
  • Manuscript
  • Valencia

Signed, Marks, Inscriptions

[Translated: [Surat al-Infitar (The Splitting) 82:1-5] [In the Name of God, the Merciful the Compassionate] When heaven is split open 1. When the stars are scattered 2. When the seas swarm over 3. when the tombs are overthrown 4. (Then) a soul know shall know its works, the former [b] and the latter 5. O Man! What has deceived thee as to thy generous Lord 6. who created thee and shaped thee and wrought thee in symmetry 7. and composed thee after what form He would? [8.] …]

Provenance

1248, endowed to the library of the Mosque of Ali b. Yusuf b. Tashufin (Marrakech, Morroco, Africa). (Bonham's Auction House, London England); April 12, 2000, purchased by (Bernard Quarich Ltd., London, England); 2007-present, purchase by the Detroit Institute of Arts (Detroit, Michigan, USA)

Published References

Isabel A. O'Connor, A Forgotten Community. The Mudejar Aljama of Xàtiva, 1240-1327 (Leiden, 2003), p.98; Robert I. Burns and Paul E. Chevedden, Negotiating Cultures. Bi-lingual Surrender Treaties in Muslim-Crusader Spain under James the Conqueror (Leiden, 1999), p.125. Alfonso El Sabio, Las Siete Partidas, Partida 3, titulo XVIII, ley V: Quales cartas deben seer fechas en pergamino de cuero et quales en pergamino de paño (Madrid, 1807), t.II, pp.550-551. Jonathan M. Bloom, Paper Before Print. The History and Impact of Paper in the Islamic World (New Haven, 2001), p.88. Robert I. Burns, S.J., Society and Documentation in Crusader Valencia (Princeton, 1985), p.166. Bloom, Paper Before Print, pp.85-86. Burns, Society and Documentation, pp.166-67. Martin Levey, Miroslav Krek, and Husni Haddad, "Some Notes on the Chemical Technology in an Eleventh Century Arabic Work on Bookbinding," Isis vol. 47 (1956), pp. 239-243, esp. 241-42. O'Connor, A Forgotten Community, pp.98-99. Personal communication, Christopher Foster, Paper Conservation. Marianne Barrucand, "Les enluminures de l'époque Almohade: frontispices et 'unwan-s," in: Los Almohades: Problemas y Perspectivas, eds. P. Cressier, M. Fierro and L. Molina (Madrid, 2005), p.70-121. These books were to be given as an endowment to the madrasa that the Sultan founded, the Ya'aqubiyya. Benjelloun-Laroui, Les Bibliothèques, p.200. She mistakenly calculated 1252 for the hijri year 646-it should be 1248. There are uncertainties here that need to be resolved with a visit to Marrakech. Sold, Hôtel George V, Paris, October 30, 1975, lot 488, sale price FF30,000 ($7,006 in 1975); this same manuscript appears to have been resold in London, at Sotheby’s, on April 14, 1976, lot 247.

Rights Status

Islamic, Spanish, Folio from a Ten-Volume Qur'an, ca. 1220, ink, colors, gold and possibly silver on tinted paper. Detroit Institute of Arts, Museum Purchase, Ernest and Rosemarie Kanzler Foundation Fund, 2007.120.1A.