Arrangement in Gray: Portrait of the Painter, ca. 1872

  • James Abbott McNeill Whistler, American, 1834 - 1903

Oil on canvas

  • Unframed: 29 1/2 × 21 inches (74.9 × 53.3 cm)
  • Framed: 39 5/8 × 31 5/8 × 2 1/2 inches (100.6 × 80.3 × 6.4 cm)

Bequest of Henry Glover Stevens in memory of Ellen P. Stevens and Mary M. Stevens

34.27

On View

  • Modern C235

Department

American Art before 1950

  • Gray (color)
  • Tonalist
  • Oil
  • Canvas
  • Portrait
  • Artist
  • Man
  • Painting (visual work)
  • Self-portrait
  • London

In this painting, Whistler explores problems in technique and composition, as well as his own psyche; the viewer is confronted by a cool, appraising gaze from a face of deceptive immediacy. The flattened forms, subtle gradations of gray, and asymmetrical composition of the work reveal a strong Japanese influence.

Signed, Marks, Inscriptions

Signed, at left: [butterfly in circle]

Signed, on the verso: frame decorated by Whistler [according to the 1905 memorial exhibition catalogue]

Provenance

Alexander Ionides. Alecco Ionides. 1895, George McCulloch (London, England); 1907, his widow, Mrs. Coutts Michie. until 1911, William O'Leary Fine Arts (Detroit, Michigan, USA). 1911-1934, Henry Glover Stevens (Detroit, Michigan, USA); 1934-present, bequest to the Detroit Institute of Arts (Detroit, Michigan, USA)

Published References

Society of French Artists 6th Exhibition, 1873, no. 130. Exposition International. Exh. cat., Galerie Georges Petit. 1883, no. 2. Way, T. and G.R. Dennis. The Art of James McNeill Whistler. London, 1905. London Memorial Exhibition. 1905, no. 30. Pennell, E.R. The Life of James McNeill Whistler. London, 1908, p. 80. Gallatin, A.E. “Whistler- The Self-Portrait in Oil.” Art in America, 1 (1913):p. 151. Second Annual Exhibition of American Artists. Detroit Museum of Art, 1916, no. 103. Seventh Annual Exhibition. Detroit Institute of Arts, 1921, no. 134. Bulletin of the DIA, 14, 2 (1934): p. 20. Whistler Loan Exhibition. Exh. cat., Macbeth Gallery. New York, 1947, no. 20 (cover ill.). Exhibition of James McNeill Whistler. Exh. cat., Lyman Allyn Museum. New London, CT, 1949, no. 14. America and Impressionism. Exh. cat., Museum of Art. Birmingham, AL, 1951, p. 56. Expatriates: Whistler, Cassatt, Sargent. Exh. cat., Munson-Williams-Proctor Institute. Utica, 1953. Sargent, Whistler, and Mary Cassatt. Exh. cat., Art Institute of Chicago. Chicago, 1954, no. 103. Art News, 53, 2 (April 1954): p. 21 (ill.). Directions in Twentieth Century American Painting. Exh. cat., Dallas Museum of Fine Arts. Dallas, October 7-November 12, 1961, pg. 7, cat. no. 8. The Birth of Impressionism. Exh. cat., Wildenstein’s. New York, 1963, no. 67. Sutton, D. “Nocturne: The Art of James McNeill Whistler.” Country Life (1963): frontispiece. ______________. James McNeill Whistler, Paintings, Etchings. 1966, p. 190 (pl. 59). Triumph of Realism. Exh. cat., Brooklyn Museum. Brooklyn, 1967, no. 7 (ill.). [catalogue dates art as 1867] James McNeill Whistler. Exh. cat., Nationalgalerie. Berlin, 1969, p. 73 (pl. 20). The World of Whistler 1834-1903. Time-Life Library of Art, 1970, pp. 120-121 (ill.). [as Arrangement in Grey] Spencer, R. Aesthetic Movement. London, 1972, p. 94 (ill.). McMullen, R. Victorian Outsider. New York, 1973, p. 17 (ill.). Arts and Crafts in Detroit. Exh. cat., Detroit Institute of Arts. Detroit, 1976, p. 246 (ill.) Heritage and Horizon. Exh. cat., Albright-Knox Gallery. Buffalo, 1976, no. 29 (ill.). “Family Art Game.” DIA Advertising Supplement. Detroit News (May 20, 1979): p. 27 (ill.). Young, Andrew McLaren, Margaret MacDonald, and Robin Spencer. The Painting of James McNeill Whistler. New Haven, 1980, Vol. 1, pp. 74-75, no. 122. “Family Art Game.” DIA Advertising Supplement. Detroit News (April 18, 1982): p. 23 (ill.). Stein, D. Whistler. New York, 1984 (frontispiece). 100 Masterworks from the Detroit Institute of Arts. New York, 1985, pp. 200-201 (ill.). “Family Art Game.” DIA Advertising Supplement. Detroit News (April 14, 1985): p. 26 (ill.). Kondek, Donna. “Whistler’s Other.” Wayne State, 1, 2 (1987): p. 13. Reff, Theodore. Degas, The Artist’s Mind. Cambridge, 1987 (fig. 2). Spencer. 1989, p. 108 (pl. 44). Washington. 1995, p. 59 (fig 2:10). Crane, Michael. Detroit’s Annual Exhibition of American Art: The Foundation of a Collection. www.dia.org/research/online_publications/annual_american_art, 2005. James McNeill Whistler Retrospective. Exh. cat., The National Museum of Modern Art. Kyoto, 2014, no. 11.

Rights Status

James Abbott McNeill Whistler, Arrangement in Gray: Portrait of the Painter, ca. 1872, oil on canvas. Detroit Institute of Arts, Bequest of Henry Glover Stevens in memory of Ellen P. Stevens and Mary M. Stevens, 34.27.